The year was 1969. Guitarist Jimi Hendrix had disbanded his group the Jimi Hendrix Experience. Looking towards new musical directions, Hendrix recruited some friends to form a band. Bassist Billy Cox, together with drummer friend Buddy Miles, formed a group with Hendrix called the Band of Gypsys. They made their live debut at the Fillmore East in New York City on New Year's Eve, 1969, for a series of four shows spread over two nights. The performances were recorded to fulfill Hendrix's obligation to produce an LP of new material on the Capitol records label.