1. Re-read the same stories several times. Any of the following combinations could work: have the student listen to the story, read silently and then aloud, answer questions about the story, read paragraphs simultaneously together, have students “echo” sentences after you read them, and read alternating sentences or paragraphs. Revisit previous stories.
2. Use index cards to review letter sounds and patterns emphasized so far in your book series for two or three minutes at the beginning of every lesson.
3. If a student misreads a word, just tell the student the correct word. But if the word consists of sounds or patterns that you have been reviewing frequently (see above), use questioning to help the student read the word. A sample question is “What is the vowel sound of ____ as in ____?” if the misreading consisted of an incorrect vowel sound. An alternative for beginning students is to have him tap out the word.
4. Review sight words on index cards for three or four minutes at every lesson.
5. Monitor students’ notebook and be sure your student keeps track of new words and other lesson activities in separate sections of their notebook. A binder with dividers works well for this. Many tutors and students use some of the following sections: new vocabulary words, new sight or spelling words, Language Experience stories, new letter sounds or spelling patterns from the book series, and anything that could reflect work on a student’s life goals, such as completed job applications or reports for work.
6. Help your student get an email address and become comfortable using it.
7. Work on students’ goals for literacy in their daily lives for at least a short time during every lesson. As with other activities, work on these many times.
8. If your student has young children or grandchildren, read easy picture books or easy readers with your student at every lesson.
9. Meet twice per week if possible. If a partner tutor would help, let us know.
10. When assigning homework, assign only homework that you have been covering in class frequently, such as review of sight words in various ways or worksheets or puzzles that you have started with your student in the tutoring session.